Robert Anderson left New York City and is now in Cincinnati. Yesterday he received a letter from U.S. President Abraham Lincoln from May 14th and responds back to him today, filling him in on the latest details. He thanks Lincoln for introducing him to Joshua F. Speed, a long-time friend of Lincoln’s who lives in Kentucky. Speed has volunteered to assist the Union in securing Kentucky, and will also be Lincoln’s eyes and ears, giving him accounts of what is happening in the state and what the overall feelings of the citizens are. Speed has introduced two other key individuals to Anderson that Speed vouches for, and they all instruct him to not actively raise troops in Kentucky for the Union cause. A committee has been formed in Kentucky who is organizing and arming a Home Guard; they feel this will be better received than Anderson actively recruiting, though Anderson is himself a Kentuckian. Speed also advises Anderson to set up command across the river from Cincinnati in Newport Barracks, which has been in operation since 1803. They feel that his occupation of the Barracks is in a place that will not cause citizens alarm and will, if anything, “probably do a great deal of good.”
Horace Greeley, the Washington correspondent for the New York Tribune, had met with U.S. President Lincoln earlier in the month and came back to New York City thinking that Lincoln was “passive and obstinate.” Greeley had once been of the opinion that the U.S. should just let the southern states go, but after Fort Sumter had changed his mind and was a vocal opponent for war. Today he writes Lincoln that “The intelligence that the war for the Union is to be prosecuted with emphatic vigor, and that the traitors are to be thrown back from Washington in every direction causes general rejoicing here. We feel that the struggle thus prosecuted, cannot be of long duration. All are confident that the result will justify our fondest hopes.” It was not unusual of Greeley to give advice, as he had been doing it for a long time both publicly and privately to those in power. Fortunately – or unfortunately – for Lincoln, he would have to get used to Greeley’s opinions.